Section NT (Nuclear Engineering and Technology)
Security Aspects of Nuclear Materials in Transport
University of Belgrade,
Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences – National Institute of the Republic of Serbia
Vinča, Belgrade, Serbia
This paper aims to comprehensively investigate and describe the existing safety standards for the transportation of nuclear material, identify potential perpetrators of security threats as well as security measures in the form of detection, prevention, and response to criminal and intentional unauthorized acts directed towards nuclear and other radioactive material, related facilities and activities. Given that nuclear materials are being targeted by various non-state actors (terrorist and criminal groups) interested in procuring weapons materials, international legal frameworks have intensified from the early phase of discussions on nuclear energy focused on the safety of fissile material to the recent phase of discussions on the implementation of safeguards security measures, which focus on technical standards and physical protection. Security of transport between facilities is critical to achieving the ultimate goal of ensuring stable energy production and protecting the nuclear fuel cycle. In addition to the legal framework provided by multilateral conventions and international technical standards, domestic laws and regulations are of key importance for the implementation of international nuclear law. Densely woven networks of multilateral and bilateral agreements, technical standards, and domestic regulations among concerned states could contribute to the secure transport and control of nuclear material. There is strong evidence to suggest that the actual risks to man and the environment from radioactive transport operations are low, not only for severe accident scenarios but also for malicious acts. Therefore, It is vital to disseminate knowledge to dispel irrational fears and reassure the public that the transport of radioactive material is safe under the current IAEA regulatory regime.
Milica Ćurčić received her B.Sc and M.Sc. degrees in Security Studies from the University of Belgrade, Faculty of Security Studies, Belgrade, Serbia. She is currently a Research Assistant at the “Vinča” Institute of Nuclear science, as well as a Security and Defense Officer. Milica is pursuing a Ph.D. degree in the field of Security Science at the Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade. Her research interests include multidisciplinary research in the field of Security, especially fields of National security, National interest, Security threats, CBRN threats, Nuclear Security, and Risk assessment.